Over the past year now, this idea of what it means to be a Christian school in a post-Christian culture has been on my heart and mind incessantly. I am excited to hear Barna Group president David Kinnaman speak during this symposium. I heard him speak last year to a group of us gathered for a Van Lunen Fellowship reunion. He talked first about the culture most of us grew up in, and described that culture of our recent past as a modern day “Jerusalem”- with faith (or, at least Christian values) at the center of culture, Christianity as culturally- acceptable, if not preferred for those desiring social advancement; monotheistic in nature, what we called a Judeo-Christian society. It seemed to be slower-paced- it had its own idols, but those idols were a kind of false piety or moralism. Information was and could be controlled by those in power. It was a simpler life, or at least the way we remember it.
Kinnaman contrasted this former generational context to the one in which we are raising and educating kids now, what he called “Digital Babylon”- instead of being at the center of culture, our faith finds itself at the margins of society. The dominant culture is pluralistic, with multiple faith traditions, religious, political, and sexual perspectives speaking in the public forum, rather than a monolithic voice. What is “right” and “good” is no longer defined by a Judeo-Christian ethos. The “cultural Christian,” those who simply claim to be Christian because it is socially advantageous to do so, is a dying breed. There’s no reason to be one, anymore. Technology has hastened life, rendered it frenetic at times. In the age of social media and open-sourced information, our idol, that which we worship, is being connected, informed and up to speed with what’s going on. At a time when we are more connected to what others are doing than ever before, we also find ourselves more isolated than ever.
As Christians, we feel more like exiles, foreigners in a strange land. And, in what author Russell Moore called a “culture of outrage”, many Christians are angry or despondent, frustrated that we have been taken from our home, taken from Jerusalem, as I’m sure the Israelites felt when the Babylonians came and carted them off. We have sometimes argued that the solution is to regain power, to get enough of “our” people in positions of authority to “take back the culture” for “Jerusalem.”
This train of thought has some problems. Because “Jerusalem” might not really be worth taking back. After all, wasn’t Jesus’ strongest criticism reserved for “Jerusalem”- her false piety, her moralism, her belief that through right actions and being “good enough,” she could dictate what kind of life God would give her? That through being good people, she could manipulate God into giving her the “best life now,” healthy kids, a great fulfilling job, social respectability, and washboard abs? And, didn’t He reserve especially harsh criticism for those who used that self-righteousness as a club to beat others with their sin?
What if God wants to pry “Jerusalem” –our past prestige, power and privilege– from our hands, like I had to do with things that I knew were dangerous for my girls when they were little, but that they desperately thought they wanted? What if our real joy is to live in Christ and at the margins of society, as Christians have for thousands of years, viewed as quirky and unusual, sometimes even dangerous, but paradoxically winsome and attractive at the same time, because we are full of the joy and excitement and love that obedience and passion for the Lord, and for the things that are important to the Lord, always brings?
I don’t think we want to go back to Jerusalem. I don’t think that’s the goal. The church doesn’t tend to stay pure and holy and on mission as the bride of Christ for long when she’s the dominant cultural force in that way, whether it’s Constantine’s Rome, or the Middle Ages’ Catholic Church, or the Reformational Church of England, or Jerusalem-America. As I’ve been thinking and praying about it, I don’t think that’s what God is calling us to prepare this generation that’s coming up in our school to do. Instead, I think He’s calling us to cultivate a particular heart and mind- one that, at some point, I believe the exiled Israelites cultivated- putting to death the desire to go back to the way things were, and turning their eyes forward to the opportunities of what God is doing now.
Maybe the sooner we accept the opportunities that “Babylon” provides, the ability to bring the life-giving message of hope and love to people who have never even heard it, the better off we are, and the more effective we’ll be for Christ’s Kingdom.
So, if we’re in Babylon, now is the time to raise up Daniels.
You know the story. Daniel, like Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, were identified and set apart from the crowd of Jewish captives. They stood out, Daniel 1 tells us, because they were quick learners, well informed, and understood language and literature. They were excellent. These men didn’t shy away from the culture in which they found themselves- “exiled” for them did not mean “segregated,” or “walled off.” Rather, they were fully engaged in Nebuchadnezzar’s court. They immersed themselves in the culture, were given Chaldean names and customs. If you saw them walking in the palace halls, you would not recognize them as Jews.
And, yet, they remained pure. They wouldn’t defile themselves by eating ceremonially unclean food. They refused to bow down to the culture’s idols, literally, even when not doing so meant death. Each time they were threatened, they trusted God, whether or not He chose to save them. He did save them, and Scripture says God also gave them knowledge that was unequaled. Nebuchadnezzar found them ten times better than anyone else in his court. He elevated them in his kingdom, where they exerted tremendous cultural influence.
So, what is our charge in this place, in this “digital Babylon”? How do we do Christian school differently? How do we train up Daniels (and Esthers) differently perhaps from a way that we weren’t in Jerusalem? A few things have come into my mind as I’ve thought and read and prayed. These aren’t revolutionary, but they are things the Church has done or should have been doing for two millennia, and they are as necessary now as they’ve ever been:
- A deep understanding of Christian faith and Scripture as a unifying construct for reality– Our kids are going to continue to need, now perhaps more than ever, deep teaching and training on what they believe and why they believe it, whether it’s the underlying tenets of their faith, or this Christian sexual ethic that seems to be so countercultural in our hypersexed, individualized culture. This means not only teaching them the correct answers, but giving them an opportunity to struggle with the questions, doubts, and challenges they face. We have to be comfortable with saying, “I don’t know; let’s find out together.” It’s okay to not have all the answers. It’s also okay, and in fact good, if at the end of walking with our kids through an inquiry or a question they have, we end up with a mystery of God that has no answer. God is a big enough God to defend Himself; His Kingdom, in the operation of the universe or in the heart of a child, does not hinge on us. We also need to teach good orthodoxy, and good orthopraxy– what does what I believe have to do with how I live? Jesus taught His disciples, then let them go out and test drive it, then brought it back to deconstruct and reteach. That’s a good model, and one we need to be more committed to.
- A philosophy and theology of cultural engagement– When John describes Jesus in Ch 1, says that we beheld His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. As followers of Jesus, bearing His image while growing up in a pluralistic culture, we have to help our kids understand how to be full of grace: to deeply love the Other, whether the Other is other because of religion, nationality, sexual orientation, gender identity struggles, race, or whatever. Our kids also need to be full of truth: Grace is ultimately motivated by love, and love is full of truth. Love encourages and edifies, but it also pleads with, entreats, and rebukes when those we love are heading toward actual or potential destruction. To see someone we love heading to disaster and doing nothing is an unloving act; it shows indifference, which is the opposite of love. This is the root of what passes for tolerance in our society today, and it’s not loving at all. We have to help our kids see how to be all truth and all grace at all times, and to do it well, because that’s their life and their future. And, we’ll have to figure it out, live it and model it, too. I think, based upon his new book, “Good Faith,” that David Kinnaman will share some of his thoughts on this issue through our time together, as will some of our other speakers.
- Affective engagement with faith through authentic worship and redemptive community- I agree with what Jamie Smith says in Desiring the Kingdom– as image-bearers, human beings are not primarily thinkers or believers, but lovers. That means our schools are more than safe places where information can be disseminated in the same manner one can get at public school, or even a place where one gains a “Christian perspective” on the world. The purpose of Christian education is to form disciples, lovers and worshippers of Jesus, centered around liturgy and worship. By engaging in loving community and authentic worship, our kids are equipped not only to think clearly, but to love rightly, which is absolutely necessary in a world where they are called to be full of grace and truth. How can we better love kids, and help them become better “pray-ers”, and worshippers, and lovers of Jesus Christ? Chap Clark’s work is excellent in that regard, I’m looking forward to him. We are called to be excellent schools; this is CESA’s mission. But, to be excellent as an act of worship, bringing our first fruits to the God and Father of all, worthy to be praised.
Raising exiles is tough work for first-generation natives of “Jerusalem”, those who have one foot in the old world, and one foot in the new. But, Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego had mamas and daddies and teachers, too. And, I’ll bet they were also faithful people who loved their Lord and who, even through tons of fear and uncertainty, prayed for strength and wisdom to raise kids who were equipped for the opportunities they’d been given. And, God was faithful. And, their children humbled the kings of their age.